Family History

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From the evidences collected so far it is believed that the Origin of the Koilparampil family is at Palayoor (Palayur). Palayoor situates in Thrissur district near Chavakad and is located on the west coast of Kerala, in India. It is 28 km away from Thrissur town. When St. Thomas visited Kerala, several Brahmins and their associates were converted to Christianity. There were Hindu priests (Poojari) and their associates among the converted Christians. They lived at the land of temple (Ambala parambil, Kovil parambil). The later generation came to be known by the names Kovil parampil, Koilparampil, Koyi parampil, Kozhi parampil etc. (The usages Koyi, Kozhi etc are the mistakes committed by certain families and it is still followed by some of them). The family then spread to Pavarty, Mullasserry, Enamakkal, Chittattukara etc. The regional riots of these areas occurred during the 9th century, forced several Christian families (including Koilparampil family) to abandon their homeland. Some of them settled at Makkekadavu at Pallippuram, Cherthala. Among their descendants, one Mr. Anthey (Antony) married in the family of "Moothedathu" and shifted to Arthunkal during the 10th century, others shifted to Elanji, Kadamattom and Maradu, probably being the more fertile area.


Abandoned land of the members Koilparampil family are known as "Koilpaeampu", the name still used these days. The Pattaryans who migrated to these places dropped their original family name "Vadkkevelyil" and adopted Koilparampil as their family name. Another Hindu family called "Punnackal" also changed their family name as Koilparampil. Later one of the descendant from Elanji, named Cheriyan returned to homeland, at Pallippuram for Coir business. He entered into marriage alliance with the "Koluthara" and settled at Makkekadavu. Their descendants are the present Koilparampil (Syrian Catholics) family of Pallippuram. This may be discussed in Branch 2.

Before discussing about Arthunkal and its historical background, I think it is significant to mention briefly about the ancient Christians of Kerala and later developments. By the arrival of St. Thomas, several families embraced Christianity. Later as there was nobody to guide them culturally or religiously. They lived more or less like Hindus. The merchants who came from the Middle East Asia (Iran-Iraq) who got acquaintance with the Kaldaya Syrian Rite and Kaldaya Bishops who ruled this area. The first group of Christians who settled here in 375 AD consisted of 372 families under the leader ship of the Vanik "Kenai Thomman", a Bishop, and a few priests. They came from Edeesa in Persia.

The native Christians warmly welcomed these foreign Christians who landed at Cranganore (Kodungallur). By their tireless effort the Kaldaic Syrian Rite came into existence in Kerala. This was the situation in 1498 when the Portuguese landed in Goa. In 1497, His Holiness Pope Alexander VI gave the Portuguese King the right to appoint Bishops anywhere within his Kingdom. This right of the King was termed "Paderuo". The Portuguese misused this power to arrest and torture the Kaldaya Bishops and put them in jail. The Marthoma (Chaldaic) Christians had the Latin rite thrust upon them by the Portuguese Jesuit Missionaries; they also compelled the Marthoma Christians to convert themselves as Latin Catholics.

They even forced them to use non-fermented 'Appam' and Holy cloths of Latin rite, instead of the Holy cloths of eastern in the Holy mass. It is recorded by the Portuguese historian Guvayo in his book written in 1552, that later the young priests who took priesthood in Latin from the Cranganore Seminary, were not allowed to offer their first Holy mass in their own Parish, by the Marthoma(Chaldaic) Christians including there own priest. The Marthoma Christians brought a Bishop from Babel (Iraq) and under his leadership they built churches. As they violated the Roman Catholic supremacy, they were banned (Seisma) from the Catholic community (Seisma is a ban for churches for violating the supremacy of Rome).

When the religious border of the Kochi diocese and the Angamaly diocese was determined in 1616, the Marthoma Christian who lived in and around the border of the Kochi diocese merged into the Kochi diocese.(Shurhamer 4th century of the death of St. Francis Xavier, page 52). However, the Marthoma Christians in "Santheros mission" (Arthunkal) had good relationship with their relatives in the Kochi and Angamaly dioceses. When the "Koonam Kurishu Seisma" came into force, they, along with their relatives founded a Seisma Church at Arthunkal. It was by the efforts of the Pope's representative, Fregussepedu Santa Maria, that they were finally reconciled to the Roman Catholic Church. (Shurhamer-the Mission work of the Jesuits, Page 37). This was the social and religious situation of Arthunkal at that time. (Indebted: "Kerala sabha Charithrathiloodai" by Rev.Fr.Sebastion Nadakal).

History Part 2